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Nonjurors

A title used to describe those members (usually clergy) of the [[Church of England]] and Episcopal [[Church of Scotland]] who refused to take the [[Oath of Allegiance]] to William and Mary after the Revolution of 1688. Six English bishops (and all the Scottish bishops) together with about 400 English clergy felt bound in 1689 by virtue of their oath to James II* to refuse the oath and were deposed in 1690. They set in motion a kind of High Church, episcopalian nonconformity, separate from the national church but claiming to be the true, historical church of England. The English prelates deprived were Archbishop W. Sancroft* and bishops T. Ken* (Bath and Wells), J. Lake (Chichester), F. Turner (Ely), T. White (Peterborough), and W. Lloyd (Norwich). With the permission of James II, three of these took part in the consecration of two bishops in secret-Thomas Wagstaffe (Ipswich) and [[George Hickes]] (Thetford). The latter consecrated three more.