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Nomads

NOMADS. Nomads are wandering groups of individuals who change area of residence, usually according to a seasonal pattern, within a larger area which is their home territory. Usually at least three types are distinguished. The first group is characterized by hunting and collecting its immediate needs with little concern for surplus or organized divisions of labor. The second group is pastoral in nature and is characterized by following a consistent pattern of grazing, which is regulated by the seasons and nature of the herd or flock. The labor is divided among various groups, usually families, each with its own herd and territory. These individuals live off their herds, using milk and animals for food and skin and hair as the source for clothing, tents, water bottles, etc. The third group is characterized by agricultural ties. They stay in one spot until the crop is exhausted, then move on to new land. Certain values arise from the demands of nomadic life. The need for mobility resul