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NOBLE (חֹרִ֣ים, אָדִּֽיר, נָדִיב, H5618, נָגִיד; εὐγενής, βασίλικος, κράτιστος).
חוֹרִים is the common OT word for “noble.” It is strictly a noun and occurs only in the pl. It contains the ideas of free birth and freedom and is esp. frequent in late Heb. (
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
no’-b’-l, no’-b’-lz, no’-b’-l-man (chorim, ’addir; eugenes, Kratistos, basilikos): "Nobles" is the translation of the Hebrew chorim (occurring only in the plural), "free-born," "noble" (
The Apocrypha, theand the (British and American), still further enlarges the list. In the Revised Version (British and American) we have megistanes, "great ones" (1 Esdras 1:38; 8:26, with entimos, "in honor"; 18:12). Otherwise the Revised Version’s uses of "noble," and "nobleness" are for words containing the root genitive and referring to birth (compare The 8:3; 2 Macc 6:27,31; 12:42; 14:42 twice). The King James Version’s uses are wider (Judith 2:2, etc.).
Nobleman is, in