Noah, Son of Lamech
The Flood came in Noah’s six-hundredth year, increased steadily for 40 days, maintained its mountain-covering depth for 110 more days, and then subsided sufficiently for Noah to disembark in the mountains of Ararat after another 221 days (see Flood). During all this time, “God remembered Noah and all the wild animals...in the ark” (
Among the things preserved in the ark was sinful human nature. Noah became a husbandman, planted a vineyard, drank himself into a drunken stupor, and shamefully exposed himself in his tent (
In the Babylonian flood account (the Gilgamesh Epic), Noah’s counterpart is Utnapishtim. He likewise received divine warnings of the Flood, built a huge ark, preserved human and animal life, sent out birds, and offered sacrifices. However, the polytheism and other elements of the Babylonian account suggest that it was the product of a long oral transmission and did not influence Genesis in any way (see Merrill Unger, Archaeology and the Old Testament, 1954, pp. 46-71).
Noah, Daughter of Zelophehad
One of the five daughters of Zelophehad, of the tribe of Manasseh (
NOAH (נֹ֖חַ; LXX Νω̂ε, G3820). Although the etymology of this name is uncertain its meaning is associated with the idea of “rest,” “comfort” or “bring relief” (
Noah is first mentioned in
Noah was 500 years old when his first son was born. The flood came 100 years later, but Noah likely knew about this great cataclysmic judgment 120 years earlier (
When the Flood came only Noah, his wife, his three sons and their wives were saved in the ark. The Flood—extending as far as the human race had spread, which possibly included the entire globe—destroyed all the rest of the human race (
Noah became the father of the entire human race. The descendants of Shem, Ham, and Japheth dispersed over a wide area as is indicated in
The character of Noah offers an interesting study on the basis of the Scriptural references. The naming of Noah is associated with the curse (
Noah was regarded as a righteous man who is described as blameless or faultless among his contemporaries (
Noah was favored by God in being warned about the impending judgment upon the corrupt human race. His responsibility was to build an ark and to serve as a messenger of righteousness (
Of immediate concern to Noah after leaving the ark was the bringing of an offering or sacrifice to the God who had sustained him through this terrible judgment. As Noah worshiped, he was assured by God that divine blessing awaited him and his sons, and that his judgment would not be repeated. Noah and his sons were commissioned to replenish the earth and to subdue all creatures and vegetation. This covenant was divinely initiated and universal in scope. It applied to all living creatures and was to be everlasting in duration. It was sealed by God by the visible sign of the rainbow (
Little is known about Noah in the postflood 350 years of his life. He died at the age of 950. After the Flood Noah engaged in farming or husbandry. In the course of time he cultivated the vine and was overtaken by the sin of drunkenness as he drank the wine. Whether this behavior of yielding to the temptation of drunkenness by righteous Noah was due to age or inadvertency is not indicated in the Scriptural account. Learning of his father’s unseemly behavior, Ham informed his brothers who respectfully cared for their father. It seems quite probable that Canaan, the youngest son of Ham, must have been the most disrespectful. When Noah became aware of the situation he announced a curse upon Canaan, indicating that he would be consigned to servitude in his relationship with his brothers. Some scholars interpret this as a prophetic utterance by Noah in which he predicted that due to the expression of these unfavorable traits by the descendants of Canaan they would become servants to their brethren.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
One of the daughters of Zelophehad (
H. C. Leupold, Genesis (1942), 247-354; C. F. Pfeiffer, The Book of Genesis (1958), 28-34.