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Nicholas V

1397-1455. Pope from 1447. Born Tommaso Parentucelli, son of a physician, he studied at Bologna and Florence. He became bishop of Bologna and negotiator to the [[Holy Roman Empire]] to secure the enforcement of the reforming decrees of the [[Council of Basle]].* In 1447, on the death of [[Eugenius IV]], he was elected pope. Nicholas then proceeded to secure the dissolution of the Council of Basle and the abdication of the antipope, Felix V (1449). In 1450 he proclaimed a Jubilee which attracted many pilgrims to Rome, thus strengthening papal prestige and finances. The pope's chief claim to fame is the encouragement he gave to the Renaissance in Rome. The city which had been neglected for over a century during the period of the Avignon* papacy and the Great Schism* was now made the center of a magnificent building program. Bridges, roads, palaces, churches, and fortresses were built. To decorate the buildings artists were brought in, including [[Fra Angelico]].*