NETHANEL, NETHANEEL (nē-thăn'ĕl, nē-thăn'ē-ĕl, Heb. nethan’ēl, God has given). The name of ten OT men:

1. The prince of Issachar just after the Exodus (Num.1.8; Num.2.5).

2. Son of Jesse and older brother of David (1Chr.2.14).

3. One of the priests who played trumpets before the ark (1Chr.15.24).

4. A Levitical scribe whose son Shemaiah was a recorder under David (1Chr.24.6).

5. Fifth son of Obed-Edom, appointed as one of the doorkeepers of the tabernacle (1Chr.26.4).

6. A prince of Judah whom Jehoshaphat appointed to teach in Israel (2Chr.17.7).

7. A wealthy Levite in Josiah’s time (2Chr.35.9).

8. A priest in Ezra’s time who had taken a foreign wife (Ezra.10.22).

9. A priest and head of a household in the days of Joiakim c. 470 b.c. (Neh.12.21).

10. A priestly musician in the days of Nehemiah (Neh.12.36).

Nathanael of Cana of Galilee in the days of Jesus (John.1.45-John.1.49) had the same name, though in the Greek it is slightly changed.

NETHANEL nĭ thăn’ əl (נְתַנְאֵ֖ל, gift of God); KJV NETHANEEL. 1. Nethanel, the son of Zuar, was a prince, representative of the tribe of Issachar in Moses’ organization of Israel at Sinai (Num 1:8; 2:5; 7:18, 23; 10:15).

2. A son of Jesse, older brother of David (1 Chron 2:14).

3. A priest who blew the trumpet before the Ark when the Ark was brought up from the house of Obed-edom (15:24).

4. Father of Shemaiah, a Levite and scribe in David’s organization of the priestly service (24:6).

5. One of the sons of Obed-edom, a gatekeeper in the Temple organization (26:4).

6. One of the princes sent out by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah (2 Chron 17:7).

7. A Levite, one of the brothers of Conaniah, who contributed to the preparations for the great passover of Josiah (2 Chron 35:9; 1 Esd 1:9).

8. One of the sons of Pashhur (Ezra 10:22). In the time of Ezra some of the sons of priests who had married foreign women pledged themselves to put away their wives. Nethanel appears to be included in the group (cf. v. 44). He is the Nathanael of 1 Esdras 9:22, and may be the same as 10 below.

9. Nehemiah 12:12-21 lists sons of priests named in vv. 1-7, who had lived in the days of Joshua’s successor, Joiakim. Jedaiah is named in v. 7 and again in v. 21 in connection with his descendant, Nethanel. The larger context (Neh 11:1-12:26) is a listing of the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

10. The account of the dedication of the walls and organization of Temple services is found in Nehemiah 12:27-47. The one column marching around the city on the wall (v. 31) included certain priests’ sons, among whom was found Nethanel (v. 36). He was a trumpeter. Perhaps the same as 8 above.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

ne-than’-el, neth’-a-nel (nethan’el, "God has given"; Nathanael; the King James Version Nethaneel, ne-than’-e-el):

(1) A chief or prince of Issachar (Nu 1:8; 2:5; 7:18,23; 10:15).

(2) The 4th son of Jesse (1Ch 2:14).

(3) One of the trumpet-blowers before the ark when it was brought up from the house of Obededom (1Ch 15:24).

(4) A Levite scribe, the father of Shemaiah (1Ch 24:6).

(5) The 5th son of Obed-edom (1Ch 26:4).

(6) One of the princes whom Jehoshaphat sent to teach in the cities of Judah (2Ch 17:7).

(7) A Levite who gave cattle for Josiah’s Passover (2Ch 35:9).

(8) One of the priests who had married foreign wives (Ezr 10:22; compare 1Esdras 9:22).

(9) A priest registered under the high priest Joiakim (Ne 12:21).

(10) A Levite musician who assisted at the dedication of the walls (Ne 12:36).

John A. Lees