NEPHISIM nĭ fĭ’ sĭm (נְפִיסִים, H5873). Eponym of a family of Temple servants who returned from the Babylonian Exile; perhaps related to the Naphish Ishmaelites (Ezra 2:50; KJV, ASVmg. NEPHUSIM; 1 Esd 5:31; KJV, ASV NAPHISI); called NEPHUSHESIM in Nehemiah 7:42 (KJV, ASVmg. NEPHISHESIM).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

ne’-fish, ne-fi’-sim, ne-fish’-e-sim, ne-fusim (nephicim, nephucim): The former is the Kethibh (Hebrew: "written") form of the name adopted in the Revised Version (British and American); the latter the Qere (Hebrew "read") form, adopted in the King James Version and the Revised Version margin (Ezr 2:50).

See Naphish; Nephushesim.