NEBO (nē'bō, Heb. nevô, Assyr. Nabu)
A god of Babylonian mythology. The special seat of his worship was the Babylonian city of Borsippa. He receives mention by Isaiah (Isa.46.1). Nebo was the god of science and learning. The thrust of Isaiah the prophet against him seems to be that Nebo himself, the imagined writer of the fate of all, is destined to go into captivity.The name of the mountain from which Moses viewed the Promised Land (Deut.34.1ff.). See also Pisgah.A Moabite town near or on Mount Nebo (Num.32.3).A town mentioned immediately after Bethel and Ai (Ezra.2.29; Neh.7.33).
NEBO ne’ bō
, to call
, from which we have the name of the Babylonian deity; as a geographical location, from Arab. word denoting elevation or height).
1. Name of Babylonian deity in Isaiah’s taunt song on the downfall of Babylon (Isa 46:1). He was the god of wisdom and writing, and the patron-god of the Babylonian rulers. His center of worship was at Borsippa, SW of Babylon. The cult continued to flourish until the end of the neo-Babylonian period (612-538 b.c.). Originally he seems to have been identified with a water deity. In astronomy he was identified with the planet Mercury.
3. A city in Judah mentioned just after Bethel and Ai (Ezra 2:29; Neh 7:33) which has been identified with Nuba, fifteen m. SW of Jerusalem.
4. Ancestor of certain Jews who had married foreign women. Ezra demanded that they put away these wives (Ezra 10:43).
5. Traditional burial place of Moses. (See Mount Nebo.)
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
The Babylonian god of literature and science. In the Babylonian mythology he is represented as the son and interpreter of Bel-merodach (compare Isa 46:1; Bel and Nebo there represent Babylon). His own special shrine was at Borsippo. His planet was Mercury. His name enters into Biblical names, as "Nebuchadnezzar," and perhaps "Abed-nego" (Da 1:7, for "Abed-nebo, servant of Nebo").
See Religion of Babylonia and Assyria.
(1) This town is named in Nu 32:3 between Sebam and Beon (which latter evidently represents Baal-meon of 32:38), after Heshbon and Elealeh, as among the cities assigned by Moses to Reuben. It was occupied by the Reubenite clan Bela (1Ch 5:8). Here it is named between Aroer and Baalmeon. In their denunciations of wrath against Moab, Isaiah names it along with Medeba (Isa 15:2) and Jeremiah with Kiriathaim (Jer 48:1), and again (Jer 48:22) between Dibon and Beth-diblathaim. Mesha (M S) says that by command of Chemosh he went by night against the city, captured it after an assault that lasted from dawn till noon, and put all the inhabitants to death. He dedicated the place to Ashtar-chemosh. Jerome (Commentary on Isa 15:2) tells us that at Nebo was the idol of Chemosh. The site which seems best to meet the requirements of the passages indicated is on the ridge of Jebel Neba to the Southwest of Hesban, where ruins of an ancient town bearing the name of en-Neba are found (Buhl, GAP, 266).
(2) (nebho; B, Nabou A, Nabo, and other forms): Fifty-two descendants of the inhabitants of Nebo returned from exile with Zerubbabel (Ezr 2:29; Ne 7:33). The place was in Judah and is named after Bethel and Ai. There is nothing, however, to guide us as to its exact position. It may be represented by either Belt Nuba, 12 miles Northwest of Jerusalem, or Nuba, which lies about 4 miles South-Southeast of `Id el-Ma’ (Adullam).