NABOTH (nā'bŏth, Heb. nāvôth). The Israelite who owned a vineyard beside the palace of King Ahab in Jezreel. The king coveted this land for a garden, but Naboth’s refusal to sell his inheritance made Ahab angry and sullen (1Kgs.21.1-1Kgs.21.4). His wife Jezebel undertook to get it for him by having Naboth falsely accused of blasphemy and stoned to death (1Kgs.21.7-1Kgs.21.14). When Ahab went to take possession of the vineyard, Elijah met him and pronounced judgment on him and his family. Ahab repented and a temporary stay was granted (1Kgs.21.27-1Kgs.21.29), but after further warning by Micaiah the prophet, punishment fell on Ahab (1Kgs.22.24-1Kgs.22.40) and on his son Joram and wife Jezebel (2Kgs.9.25-2Kgs.9.37, where the vineyard is called “property, field, plot of ground”—see kjv, asv, rsv, niv—showing that its use had been changed as Ahab had planned, 1Kgs.21.2).