NABAL (nā'băl, Heb. nāvāl, fool). A rich sheepmaster of Maon in the southern highland of Judah. The vivid narrative in 1Sam.25.1-1Sam.25.42 tells how he insulted David when the latter asked for food for his men, who had protected Nabal’s men and flocks, how his wife Abigail averted David’s vengeance by her gifts and by wise words and so won David’s esteem. Abigail returned home to find Nabal feasting like a king. After he sobered she told him, and his heart died within him, and he became as a stone, dying ten days later. Then David sought and won Abigail as his wife.