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Myth, Mythology

MYTH, MYTHOLOGY (μῦθος, G3680, myth, fable, story). Stories about gods (less characteristically, if at all, about God) which have been narrated in a communal setting as occurrences of permanent significance, and which normally presuppose a given view of the world. (But see “Problems of Definition” below.) The term “mythology” frequently denotes any body of myths, although more strictly it refers primarily to the study of myths. I. Problems of definition Definitions of myth are notoriously controversial, and remain acutely relevant to questions about the relationship between myth and the Bible. A. The modern discussion. 1. Recognizable characterisics of myth. Some features of myth are less controversial than others, and most writers agree on the following points: a. Content and narrative form. Myths may be distinguished from legends, in that they depict gods, rather than men, as their central figures. On the other hand, some writers admittedly blur this distinction (e.g. M. Dibeli