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Mourning

1. Occasions for mourning b. National calamity. Mourning also comes to expression in a variety of situations other than death. Calamities that have overwhelmed the individual often are presented as occasions calling forth the most abject sorrow and grief (Job 1:20, 21; 2:8). In the later phases of OT history there are also numerous examples of mourning due to national disasters. The prophets give vivid expression to the mourning that resulted from the collapse of Judah and the subsequent exile of the people (Jer 9:1; Joel 1:13, see also Exod 33:4 and Num 14:39). In Jeremiah 14:2 national mourning is called for because of a drought. National mourning is extensively and graphically depicted in the poetic language of the Book of Lamentations. Trouble and calamity which are threatening and impending also are occasions for mourning (Neh 1:4; Esth 4:3). Generally such threats are due to a dissatisfied deity and call for an attitude of penitential mourning in the hope that God’s favor