MOUNT, MOUNTAIN. Hill, mount, and mountain are terms roughly synonymous in the English Bible. Much of Palestine is hilly or mountainous. These elevations are not dramatically high but are old worn-down hills. A central hill country stretches from north to south in Palestine, attaining its greatest elevations in Galilee (nearly 4,000 feet [1,250 m.] above sea level) and finally ending in the Negev in the south. Much of Transjordan is high plateau land, although in Syria north of Palestine this section reaches a great height in Mount Hermon (c. 9,000 feet [2,813 m.] above sea level), which is snow-covered throughout the year.
“Mount” in several places in the KJV refers to the mounds raised against the wall of a besieged city by an attacking army (