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Mount Ebal

EBAL, MOUNT ē’ băl (Heb. הַ֖ר עֵיבָֽל, known variously as Gr. Γαιβάλ, also as Jebal and Hebal). It is a 3,080 ft. mound of rock with little vegetation N of the valley of Shechem. It is opposite Mt. Gerizim and the two mountains form a steep embankment on the sides of the valley which runs E and W. The Mt. of Ebal was the scene of the reading and reaffirmation of the law before the encampment of Israel by Joshua and the priests and elders (Josh 8:30ff.). This was a renewal of the blessing upon Mt. Gerizim and the cursing upon Mt. Ebal pronounced by Moses prior to the entrance into Canaan by the Israelites (Deut 11:29ff.). This command was reiterated in Deuteronomy 27:4ff. These mountains and the highlands S of Esdraelon were divided between the tribes of Manasseh and Ephraim. Omri, the king of the rebellious ten northern tribes, built his capital at Samaria which was later used as the name for this whole hilly region. During the period of Assyrian conquest all these cities and the areas