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MOUNT, MOUNTAIN. Hill, mount, and mountain are terms roughly synonymous in the English Bible. Much of Palestine is hilly or mountainous. These elevations are not dramatically high but are old worn-down hills. A central hill country stretches from north to south in Palestine, attaining its greatest elevations in Galilee (nearly 4,000 feet [1,250 m.] above sea level) and finally ending in the Negev in the south. Much of Transjordan is high plateau land, although in Syria north of Palestine this section reaches a great height in Mount Hermon (c. 9,000 feet [2,813 m.] above sea level), which is snow-covered throughout the year.
“Mount” in several places in the KJV refers to the mounds raised against the wall of a besieged city by an attacking army (
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(2) The Greek oros, is perhaps etymologically akin to har. It occurs often in the
(3) The common Hebrew word for "hill" is gibh`ah = Gibeah (
(6) Tur, is translated "mountain" in
(7) mutstsabh (
(8) colelah, from calal, "to raise," is in the King James Version and the English Revised Version "mount," the King James Version margin "engine of shot," the American Standard Revised Version "mound" (
2. Figurative and Descriptive:
3. Particular Mountains:
See HILL, MOUNT, MOUNTAIN.