Morgan Llwyd

1619-59. Welsh Puritan author. Born at Cynfal in Merioneth, he was educated at Wrexham where he experienced conversion under the ministry of Walter Cradock (1610?-59), whom he then followed south to join the Puritan group centered on Brampton Bryan, Shropshire. Llwyd settled in Wrexham in 1647 after participating on the parliamentary side in the Civil Wars. He was an approver under the Propagation Act (1650) and joined the protest movement led by Vavasor Powell against Oliver Cromwell's Protectorate; but unlike Powell, he soon made his peace with the Protector and continued to minister at Wrexham until his death at forty years of age. There is a memorial to him at Rhos-ddu cemetery, where he was buried.

In his theology Llwyd veered toward the Quaker position, although for a time he adopted the views of the Fifth Monarchy Men*. He was much impressed by the thought of Jacob Boehme* and translated some pieces by him into Welsh. He expounded his views in a number of books and poems, but his little volume, Llyfr y Tri Aderyn (“The Three Birds”) of 1653 is considered one of the prose classics of the Welsh. It expresses in memorable language Llwyd's concern for the spiritual life and his burning desire to see his countrymen embrace the Gospel. He left behind him a considerable amount of poetry. Two volumes of his works were published by the University of Wales in 1899 and 1908 while another substantial volume still remains in manuscript.

See G.F. Nuttall, The Welsh Saints, 1640-1660 (1957).