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MITHREDATH (mĭth'rē-dăth, Heb. mithredhāth, given by Mithras, i.e., by the sun). The Persian name of two men. 1. The treasurer of Cyrus, king of Persia, who had charge of the vessels from the temple (Ezra.1.8).

2. An enemy of the Jews in the days of Artaxerxes, son of Cyrus (Ezra.4.7). He and others slandered the Jews and stopped their work for a time.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

(mithredhath; Persian equals "gift of Mithra" or "consecrated to Mithra"):

(1) The Persian treasurer through whom Cyrus restored the sacred vessels to the returning Jewish exiles (Ezr 1:8).

(2) A Persian, perhaps an official, who was associated with Bishlam and Tabeel in corresponding with Artaxerxes concerning the restoration of Jerusalem (Ezr 4:7). In 1 Esdras 2:11,16, the name is written MITHRADATES (which see).