Mediterranean Sea


The sea was known and used by many early civilized people, and they had commercial dealings across Palestine with civilizations of the Tigris-Euphrates Valley. At one time it had been an open channel to the Red Sea. Drifting sands from the African desert and silt from the Nile River closed this and made a land route from Asia to Africa. The sea is 2,300 miles (3,833 km.) long and more than 1,000 miles (1,667 km.) across at its widest point. An elevated underwater area once reached from upper Tunisia in Africa east to Sicily. This shallow area divides the sea into the Eastern, or Levant, and the western sea. Its northern shore is broken by the Grecian and the Italian peninsulas. Crete and Cyprus made havens for shippers of ancient times. Paul was on both islands during his journeys (Acts.13.4; Acts.27.7).——JDF