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MATTITHIAH măt’ ĭ thī a (מַתִּתְיָה, mattityah; מַתִּתְיָ֜הוּ; gift of the Lord). 1. A Kohathite Levite of Korah’s line being the first-born of Shallum, whose charge was the baked offerings in the house of God (1 Chron 9:31). This is apparently the same as the one on Ezra’s right hand when the law was read (Neh 8:4; 1 Esd 9:43 MATTATHIAH KJV, RSV MATTATHIAS).

2. A musician, son of Jeduthun (1 Chron 25:3), among those appointed by the Levites at David’s behest, to accompany the Ark to Zion with instrumental music and song (15:16, 18, 21). Later this man was appointed by lot to lead the fourteenth course of musicians (25:21).

3. A son of a certain Nebo, whose “strange wife” was divorced at Ezra’s persuasion (Ezra 10:43).

4. One of the attendants of Ezra during the reading of the law before the assembled people (Neh 8:4). See 1.

5. 1 Chronicles 16:5 may list another, but he may be the same as No. 2.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

(mattithyah, or mattithyahu, "gift of Yah"):

(1) The Mattithiah of Ne 8:4 (1st spelling) was one of those who stood at Ezra’s right hand while he read the law (compare 1 Esdras 9:43). He may be the individual set over "things that were baked in pans" (1Ch 9:31).

(2) One of those appointed by David to minister before the ark, and to "celebrate and to thank and praise Yahweh, the God of Israel" (1Ch 16:4,5).

(3) One of those who had foreign wives (Ezr 10:43). In 1 Esdras 9:35, "Mazitias."

(4) One of the Levites who ministered before the ark with harps 1Ch 15:18,21; 25:3,11, 2nd spelling).