Marie Joseph Lagrange
1855-1938. French Roman Catholic scholar. Born in Bourg-en-Bresse, he studied at the minor seminary, Autun; at Paris where he took his doctorate in law; at Salamanca; and at Vienna. He was ordained at Zamora (1883), lectured in history and philosophy at Salamanca and Toulouse, and founded in Jerusalem the école Pratique d'études Bibliques (1890), and the Revue Biblique (1892). Engaged in biblical criticism, he supported Leo XIII's efforts in that direction, was appointed to the biblical commission (1902), and came as close to higher criticism as Catholic orthodoxy would permit. Among his innumerable works are studies on the OT, NT commentaries, études sur les religions sémitiques (1903), Synopsis evangelica graece (1926), Le Judaïsme avant [[Jesus Christ]] (1931), and the popular Gospel of Jesus Christ.