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Macarius of Alexandria

c.320-c.404. Desert Father. He is also surnamed “Politicus” (i.e. “of the city”) or “Junior” to distinguish him from [[Macarius of Egypt]], his older contemporary and rival in asceticism, prophecy, and healing, with whom he was banished to a Nilotic island by Lucius, Arian patriarch of Alexandria, during Valens's persecution of orthodoxy (364-78). An extant monastic rule containing thirty regulations for his 5,000 monks of the Nitrian desert and a sermon on the eschatology of souls are among the writings ascribed to him.