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Liturgy of Addai and Mari

The extant manuscripts contain the ancient rite of the Syrian Church of Edessa, traditionally founded by the apostle Addai* and his disciple Mari. Nestorians claim that Theodore of Mopsuestia redacted the liturgy. Its Greek interpolations are not universally recognized by liturgical scholars. The Nestorian schism about 431 is a commonly held date of origin of the liturgy, but Jewish traits and its kinship with Hippolytus* suggest a date about 200. These traits are: the eucharistic prayer is addressed to the Son, not to the Father; there is no account of the institution of the Lord's Supper nor even of the eucharistic words; the invocation of the Spirit is not a prayer of “consecration” but a petition for blessings such as forgiveness and new life, as in the rite of Hippolytus; peculiarly Jewish is the stress on the Name and on divine activity in the doxology.