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Not a theoretical system of moral theology as such, but an interpretation of Probabilism* which its critics thought to be excessively lenient. Laxism maintained that if the less safe opinion (favoring liberty) were slightly probable, it could be followed with a safe conscience. It came to the fore in the seventeenth century through Juan Sanchez (d.1620), Bauny (d.1649), Leander (d.1663), Diana (d.1663), Tamburini (d.1675), Caramuel (d.1682), and Moya (d.1684), and was bitterly attacked from a Jansenist viewpoint by Blaise Pascal in 1657 in his Lettres provinciales. Laxism was condemned in 1665 and 1666 by Alexander VII and by Innocent XI in 1679.