KUE (ku'ĭ). An ancient name for Cilicia. Solomon imported horses from this place (1Kgs.10.28; 2Chr.1.16; cf. footnotes).

KUE ku’ ĭ (קְוֵ֕ה). An ancient name for E Cilicia (Rom.: Cilicia Pedias), in SE Asia Minor.

A document of Nebuchadnezzar II (dated between 595 and 570 b.c.), mentions the land of Hu-m-e, pronounced Khuwe or Khwe. It also occurs in the Istanbul Stele of Nabonidus. The Annals of the Assyrian King Shalmaneser III (858-824 b.c.) refer to Kue, and its king as an enemy. Tiglath-pileser III (744-727) received tribute from a ruler of Kue. Herodotus mentions Cilicia several times, hence it must be concluded that it was a country of some importance on the western Babylonian frontier. The Assyrian and Hebrew-Aramaean name for the country (between 950 b.c. and the 7th cent.) was Quwe or Qwe.

An important trade route crossed this coastal plain, from the Syrian Gates in the Amanus Mountains to the Cilician Gates in the Taurus Range. Iron evidently was imported into Syria and Babylon through Cilicia, but there is no evidence of its actually being mined there. The country was famous in ancient times as a source of the finest horses, many of which were imported by Solomon (1 Kings 10:28; 2 Chron 1:16).

Cilicia was made a Rom. province in 103 b.c., and was governed by Cicero in 51 b.c. Later the administration was combined with that of Syria by Vespasian in a.d. 72. Both Luke and Paul were proper in combining Cilicia (Pedias) with Syria (Acts 15:23, 41; Gal 1:21).