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King’s Garden

KING’s GARDEN (גַּ֣ן הַמֶּ֔לֶכְ). This garden is described as being near the “gate of the two walls” which was near the Pool of Siloam (Jer 52:7). It was prob. outside the walls, at a place where it could be watered by the overflow from the Pool of Siloam, toward the junction of the Tyropoeon with the Kidron. It is mentioned in 2 Kings 25:4; Nehemiah 3:15; Jeremiah 39:4; 52:7.

Article 2

gan-ha-melekh): In Ne 3:15, mention is made of "the pool of Shelah by the king’s garden"; in 2Ki 25:4; Jer 52:7, "All the men of war fled by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king’s garden"; see also Jer 39:4. The "king’s winepresses" (Zec 14:10), which must have been to the extreme South of the city, were clearly in this neighborhood. The references all point to the one situation in Jerusalem where it is possible for gardens to flourish all the year round, namely, the part of the Kidron valley below the Tyropoeon which is watered by the overflow from the Pool of Siloam (see SILOAM). Here the vegetable gardens of the peasants of Siloam present an aspect of green freshness unknown elsewhere in Jerusalem.