The surrounding caves in which were found the DSS contained pottery contemporary with Levels Ib and II. Many of the scrolls had been copied at a.d. 68 when the Rom. conquest was imminent.(a scriptorium was found in Level II), and prob. were deposited in the caves in
The identity of the community is uncertain, but most scholars would now connect them with the Essenes (q.v.). See Dead Sea Scrolls.
J. T. Milik, Ten Years of Discovery in the(1959), 45-56; FLAP, 273-276; R. de Vaux, L’archéologie et les manuscrits de la Mer Morte (1961), 1-39.