KEBAR (kē'bar). A river or canal beside which Ezekiel saw visions (
CHEBAR ke’ bär (כְּבָ֑ר; LXX Χοβάρ; Vul. Chobar; Luther Chebar; the Heb. means length). An unidentified stream of water “in the land of the Chaldeans” (
In the OT Chebar occurs eight times in the expression נְהַר־כְּבָ֑ר. The Babylonian equivalent (nāru kabari) of Ezekiel’s phrase appears on two contract tablets (from 443 and 423 b.c.) unearthed at Nippur. Nāru kabari was indeed a “great canal” which branched off from the Euphrates above Babylon, flowed sixty m. SE, through Nippur, and finally emptied back into the Euphrates near Erech. Today after centuries of neglect this artificial watercourse is dry. The Arabs refer to it as Shaṭṭ en Nîl (“the river Nile”). This is prob. Ezekiel’s Chebar.
Nebuchadnezzar settled a colony of Jewish exiles on the banks of the Chebar (
The Babylonian cuneiform nāru denotes either “canal” or “river”; but כְּבָ֑ר is not to be identified with חָבֹ֛ור (
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(kebhar, "joining" (Young), "length" (Strong); Chobar): The river by the side of which his first vision was vouchsafed to Ezekiel (