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JUSTUS (Gr. Ioustos, just)

The surname of Joseph Barsabbas, one of the two whom the “brethren” appointed as candidates for Judas’ place among the Twelve (Acts.1.23-Acts.1.26).The surname of Titius of Corinth, with whom Paul lodged for a time (Acts.18.7).The surname of Jesus, an early Hebrew Christian at Rome, evidently known to the Christians at Colosse (Col.4.11).

JUSTUS jus’ təs (̓Ιου̂στος, G2688; Lat. Justus, just or righteous). A name common among Jews and proselytes, usually combined with some other Jewish name.

1. Surname of Joseph Barsabbas, one of the two men put forward to take the place of Judas in the apostolic band (Acts 1:23). Papias relates that he survived a heathen plot by drinking deadly poison without injury (Euseb. Hist. III. 39). See Barsabas.

2. Titius Justus, “a worshiper of God,” at Corinth who, after the closing of the Jewish synagogue, opened his home next door to Paul’s preaching (Acts 18:7). The form of his name varies in the MSS, Titus Justus, Titius Justus, or only Justus (KJV). That he was the Titus of Paul’s epistles is an ancient but unfounded guess. Some would identify him with Gaius of Corinth (Rom 16:23). See Gaius 3.

3. Jesus Justus, Paul’s appreciated Jewish co-worker who sent greetings to the church in Colossae (Col 4:11).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

There are three of this name mentioned in the New Testament.

(1) It was the Roman surname of JOSEPH BARSABBAS (which see) (Ac 1:23).

(2) A Corinthian proselyte (sebomenos ton Theon), whose house adjoined the synagogue and who received Paul when the Jews opposed him (Ac 18:7). He was probably a Roman citizen, one of the colonies, and so he would be of assistance to the apostle in his work among the better class of Corinth. There is some disagreement among manuscripts regarding the name. Textus Receptus of the New Testament gives "Justus" alone. the Revised Version (British and American) following Codex Sinaiticus, Codex E, Vulgate, Bohairic, Armenian, gives "Titus Justus"; Westcott and Hort, The New Testament in Greek, Tischendorf, Codex Vaticanus, Codex Bezae, give "Titius Justus"; Cheyne (EB, under the word "Justus") thinks these forms a corruption of "Tertius Justus," and that the bearer of the name was the "Tertius" of Ro 16:22. Paul still continued his lodgings with Aquila and Priscilla, but made the house of Justus his own synagogue.

(3) A Jew, Jesus Justus, mentioned with Mark and Aristarchus by Paul in his letters to the Colossians (Col 4:11), is a fellow-worker and one that had been a comfort unto him.