JUDITH (Heb. fem. of yehûdhî, Judean, Jew). One of the wives of Esau (
JUDITH jōō’ dĭth (יְהוּדִ֔ית, a Jewess), a wife of Esau, daughter of Beeri the Hitt. (
2. The heroine of thein the OT Apoc. She killed Holofernes, the general of Nebuchadnezzar, and thus saved Jerusalem and her countrymen.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(for etymology, see next article):
(1) A wife of Esau, daughter of Beeri the Hittite (
(2) The heroine of thein Apocrypha--a pious, wealthy, courageous, and patriotic widow who delivered Jerusalem and her countrymen from the assault of Holofernes, the general of Nebuchadnezzar who had arranged the expedition which aimed at making Nebuchadnezzar the object of universal human worship.
The 8th and following chapters of the book describe her actions which resulted in the cutting off of the head of Holofernes, the rout of the Assyrian army, and the deliverance of the Jews.
See Book of Judith.