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1844-1913. Scottish theologian. Born in Glasgow, he graduated from the university there and studied theology under the .* He was minister of East Bank Church, Hawick (1874-91), taught church history in the UP theological college (1891-1901), and thereafter was professor of apologetics and theology in the United Free Church* college in Glasgow (having been one of the promoters of the union between his church and the Free Church). He was appreciated as a lecturer and popularizer of evangelical truth on both sides of the Atlantic. Writing in the heyday of liberal Protestantism, Orr contended for historic evangelicalism from the standpoint of “modified Calvinism,” both by his exposition and defense of key doctrines (The Resurrection of Jesus, God's Image in Man, 1905; The Problem of the , 1906; Revelation and Inspiration, 1919) and by his analysis of the dominant Ritschlian theology. His chief work in apologetics is A Christian View of God and the World (1893). He contributed also to (1909-15).