James Albert Pike
1913-1969. American bishop. Born in Oklahoma City, he was educated at the University of Southern California and Union Theological Seminary. He practiced and lectured on law (1936-42). At one time he had studied for the Roman Catholic priesthood, but in 1944 he was ordained deacon in the Episcopal Church; he was “priested” in 1946. He was chaplain and head of the religion department of Columbia University (1952- 58) and bishop of California (1958-66). A noted champion of civil rights, planned parenthood, and social reform, he was also a controversial figure, often assailed by fellow churchmen for his rejection of several basic Christian doctrines, including the . After his son's suicide in 1966 he explored Spiritualism, and in the same year resigned his bishop's office. He was found dead in the Judean wilderness during a Palestinian visit. His writings include Beyond Anxiety (1953); A Time for Christian Candor (1964); and You and the New Morality (1967).