An order of penitents, probably founded by Johannes Oldratus (d.1159), which was partly suppressed in the sixteenth century. Following the Benedictine Rule, they cared for the poor and mortified their bodies. The order had three types of members: those who lived ascetically in their own homes, those who were nuns, and those who were monks. During the late Middle Ages their discipline and devotion deteriorated, and when Charles Borromeo,* who had sought to reform the order, was assaulted in 1571 by one of the monks, the pope suppressed the monasteries but allowed the Humiliate Nuns to continue. The Humiliati are sometimes called the “Barettines of Penitence.”