HOOPOE hōō’ pōō (דּוּכִיפַת, H1871, Hoopoe ASV, RSV; lapwing KJV). There is general agreement that this tr. is correct, the Heb., like the names in many other languages being an imitation of its note. This is a quite unmistakable bird—long curved bill, fan-like crest (erected only when settled), and very conspicuous black and white wing pattern seen in flight. It hunts insects in all sorts of unsavory places, taking many dung and other beetles, and its nest gets into the most unsanitary condition because the excreta is left in and around it. Hoopoes visit Pal. to breed and have been well known there since early times. Several Arab legends link this bird with Solomon.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
hoo’-po; -poo (dukhiphath; epops; Latin Upupa epops): One of the peculiar and famous birds of Palestine, having a curved bill and beautiful plumage. It is about the size of a thrush. Its back is a rich cinnamon color, its head golden buff with a crest of feathers of gold, banded with white and tipped with black, that gradually lengthen as they cover the head until, when folded, they lie in lines of black and white, and, when erect, each feather shows its exquisite marking. Its wings and tail are black banded with white and buff. It nests in holes and hollow trees. All ornithologists agree that it is a "nasty, filthy bird" in its feeding and breeding habits. The nest, being paid no attention by the elders, soon becomes soiled and evil smelling. The bird is mentioned only in the lists of abomination (