Homoeans

In the controversy stirred by the insertion of homoousios into the creed of Nicea* (325), one group sought to counter the objectionable term by using homoios (“like”). They are usually called “Homoeans,” though distinctions among them ranged from the unqualified use of the term (Valens of Mursa and Ursacius of Singidunum) through a qualified “like in all things” (Acacius of Caesarea) to a full “like in substance” (Basil of Ancyra). The compromise saw its chief, but short-lived, success under the patronage of the Arian-sympathizing emperor Valens (364-78) at the synodal sessions of Nice (359) and Constantinople (360), whose creeds incorporate the Homoean formula qualified by “according to the Scriptures.”