HERODOTUS. Herodotus (484-425 -?) was born in Halicarnassus in Asia Minor, lived to see the Persians take over Ionian Greece, was expelled from his home for political reasons, wandered through much of the ancient world, and finally settled as a colonist in Thurii in Italy where he died. He is commonly referred to as “the Father of History” and is best remembered for his Histories; nine books dealing with the provincial history of the Persian Empire, the immediate causes of the Persian-Greek war and the actual war itself. The value of his works has been disputed, but recent archeological finds have tended to vindicate his trustworthiness. The underlying philosophy of his work is that pride draws down the wrath of the gods, which accounts for the fact that the Persians lost the war to the numerically inferior Greeks.