HERODIAS (hĕ-rō'dĭ-ăs, Gr. Hērōdias). A wicked granddaughter of Herod the Great who married her uncle Philip; but his brother Antipas saw her at Rome, desired her, and married her.
HERODIAS hĭ rō’ dĭ əs (̔Ηρῳδιάς, G2478). The woman who as the wife of Herod Antipas contrived the death of (
Herodias’ first husband was her uncle, called Philip (
Herodias and her husband, by whom she had a daughter named Salome, lived in Rome; while a guest in their home, Antipas persuaded Herodias to marry him. Antipas divorced his first wife, a Nabatean princess, to marry Herodias. Because John the Baptist publicly denounced this marriage, he was imprisoned at Machaerus. John’s bold rebuke aroused the bitter hatred of the unscrupulous Herodias. She finally managed to secure John’s death by instructing her daughter, the dancing girl, to demand of Antipas the head of John on a platter.
The ambitious Herodias proved the downfall of her second husband. When her brother Agrippa I was given the tetrarchy of Philip with the title of “king,” Herodias persuaded the tetrarch to solicit the title for himself. The emperor instead banished Antipas to Gaul. The proud Herodias followed her husband into exile.
Josephus Antiquities XVIII. v. 1; vii. 1-2; War II. ix. 6; A. Fahling, Life of Christ (1936), 333-341; E. Schürer, History of the Jewish People in the Time of Jesus (ed. N. N. Glatzer) (1961), 167-176, 355-357.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
Herodias was daughter of Aristobulus, son of Herod the Great, by Mariamne, daughter of Hyrcanus. Her second husband (compare above) was Herod Antipas, tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea (circa 4-39 AD), son of Herod the Great by Malthace. Herod Antipus was thus the step-brother of Aristobulus, father of Herodias. Regarding the first husband of Herodias, to whom she bore Salome, some hold that the Gospel accounts are at variance with that of Josephus. In
(1) that Herod, son of Mariamne, bore a second name Philip, or
(2) that there is confusion in the Gospels with Heroal-Philip, tetrarch of Trachonitis, who was the son of Herod the Great and Cleopatra, and who was in reality the husband of Salome, daughter of Herodias (compare also A. B. Bruce, The Expositor Greek Testament., I, 381; A. C. Headlam, article "Herod" in HDB, II, 359, 360).
According to Josephus (Ant., VIII, vii, 2; XVIII, vii, 1) the ambition of Herodias proved the ruin of Herod Antipas. Being jealous of the power of Agrippa her brother, she induced Herod to demand of Caligula the title of king. This was refused through the machinations of Agrippa, and Herod was banished. But the pride of Herodias kept her still faithful to her husband in his misfortune.