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HERES (hē'rēz, sun)

A district around Aijalon from which the Amorites were not expelled (Judg.1.35). The meaning is uncertain.A place east of the Jordan from which Gideon returned after his defeat of Zebah and Zalmunna (Judg.8.13).An Egyptian city (Isa.19.18; see kjv margin). NIV translates it “City of Destruction,” but cf. footnote.

HERES hĭr’ ĭz (חֶ֔רֶס). 1. הַר־חֶ֔רֶס, “Mount Heres” (Judg 1:34, 35), a district from which the Israelites did not drive out the Amorites; Aijalon and Shaalbim are mentioned with it. A comparison of the passage with Joshua 19:41, 42 indicates that Mount Heres is the same as the town Ir-shemesh, that is, Beth-shemesh.

2. מַעֲלֵ֖ה הֶחָֽרֶס, “the ascent of Heres” (Judg 8:13 ASV, RSV; KJV “before the sun was up”); the place E of the Jordan from which Gideon returned after defeating Zebah and Zalmunna. Both text and topography are uncertain.

3. עִ֣יר הַהֶ֔רֶס. “city of Heres” (Isa 19:18; KJVmg. and ASVmg. “city of the sun,” i.e. Heliopolis), of which it is said that it will be one of five cities in Egypt that will speak the language of Canaan and swear allegiance to Yahweh.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

he’-rez, he’-res:

(1) har-cherec, "Mount Heres" (Jud 1:34 f), a district from which the Amorites were not expelled; it is mentioned along with Aijalon and Shallbim. In Jos 19:41 f we have then two towns in association with Ir-shemesh and many authorities consider that as cherec = shemesh, i.e. the sun, and har, being perhaps a copyist’s error for `ir, "city," we have in Jud 1:34 a reference to Beth-shemesh, the modern `Ain Shems. Conder thinks that Batn Harasheh, Northeast of Aijalon, a prominent hill, may be the place referred to. Budde thinks Har-heres may be identified with the Bit-Ninib (Ninib being the fierce morning sun) of the Tell el-Amarna Letters; this place was in the district of Jerusalem.

(2) ma`aleh he-charec, "the ascent of Heres" (Jud 8:13, the King James Version "before the sun was up"), the place from which Gideon returned to Succoth after his defeat of Zebah and Zalmunna. the Revised Version (British and American) is probably a great improvement on the King James Version, but both the text and the topography are uncertain.

(3) `ir ha-cherec, "City of Heres" EVm, "City of Destruction" (cherem) English Versions of the Bible, or "City of the sun" cherec) English Versions, margin. This is the name of one of the "five cities in the land of Egypt that speak the language of Canaan, and swear to Yahweh of hosts" (Isa 19:18).