1786-1860. Politician, writer, and a founder of the .* Educated at Harrow and Oxford, he entered the banking profession, was elected to Parliament (1810), where his vote on major issues was uninfluenced by party considerations, and founded a chair of political economy at Oxford (1825). His individualism was carried into his religious activities. Going to Switzerland, he contended strongly against Socinian tendencies in Genevan Protestantism. In later years (during which time he was again in Parliament) he was closely associated with the origin and spread of the Catholic Apostolic Church. Meetings of those in sympathy with the views of * were held for the study of prophecy at his home in Surrey. He became the new body's “angel” for Scotland. His many writings include Social Duties and Christian Principles (1830), The Fate of Christendom (3rd ed., 1854), and Discourses on the True Definition of the Church (1858).