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HASHUM (hā’shŭm, Heb. hāshum)

A family that returned from exile under Zerubbabel (Ezra.2.19; Ezra.10.33; Neh.7.22).A priest who stood at the left of Ezra as he read the Law to the people (Neh.8.4).A chief of the people who sealed the covenant (Neh.10.18). Perhaps the same as no. 2.

HASHUM hā’ shəm (חָשֻׁ֔ם). 1. Eponym of a family of returning exiles (Ezra 2:19; 10:33; Neh 7:22; 1 Esd 9:33 RSV; KJV, ASV, ASON).

2. An Israelite who stood on Ezra’s left at the reading of the law (Neh 8:4; 1 Esd 9:44 “Lothasubus”).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)


(1) In Ezr 2:19; Ne 7:22, "children of Hashum" are mentioned among the returning exiles. In Ezr 10:33 (compare 1 Esdras 9:33, "Asom"), members of the same family are named among those who married foreign wives.

(2) One of those who stood on Ezra’s left at the reading of the law (Ne 8:4; 1Esdras 9:44, "Lothasubus"). The signer of the covenant (Ne 10:18) is possibly the same.