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hard, har’-di-nes, hard’-nes, hard’-li (qasheh, pala’; skleros) : The senses in which hard is used may be distinguished as:

(3) "Heavy," "pressing hard," kabhedh, "weighty" (Eze 3:5,6, "a people of a strange speech and of a hard language," the Revised Version margin (Hebrew) "deep of lip and heavy of tongue"); camakh, "to lay" (Ps 88:7, "Thy wrath lieth hard upon me").

(5) "Close," or "near to" (hard by), naghash, "to come nigh" (Jud 9:52, the American Standard Revised Version "near"); dabhaq and dabheq, "to follow hard after" (Jud 20:45; Ps 63:8, etc.); ’etsel, "near" (1Ki 21:1); le’ummath, "over against" (Le 3:9); `adh, "to" "even to" (1Ch 19:4, the King James Version "hard by," the Revised Version (British and American) "even to").

Hardiness occurs in Judith 16:10 thrasos, the Revised Version (British and American) "boldness."

Hardness is the translation of mutsaq, "something poured out," "dust wetted," "running into clods" (Job 38:38), the Revised Version (British and American) "runneth into a mass"; "hardness of heart" occurs in the Gospels; in Mr 3:5, it is porosis, "hardness," "callousness"; Mt 19:8; Mr 10:5; 16:14, sklerokardia, "dryness," "stiffness of heart"; compare Ecclesiasticus 16:10; in Ro 2:5, it is sklerotes; in 2Ti 2:3 the King James Version we have, "Endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ," the Revised Version (British and American) "Suffer hardship with me" (corrected text), margin "Take thy part in suffering hardship" (kakopatheo, "to suffer evil").

The Revised Version has "too hard" for "hidden" (De 30:11, margin "wonderful"); "hardness" for "boldness" (of face) (Ec 8:1); for "sorrow" (La 3:65); "deal hardly with me" for "make yourselves strong to me" (Job 19:3); omits "It is hard for thee to kick against the pricks" (Ac 9:5, corrected text); "hardship" for "trouble" (2Ti 2:9).