HANUN (hā'nŭn, Heb. hănûn, favored)
King of Ammon who, having mistaken David’s friendly servants for spies, mistreated them, thus bringing on a war in which the Ammonites lost their independence (2Sam.10.1-2Sam.10.19; 1Chr.19.1-1Chr.19.19).A man who, with the help of the inhabitants of Zanoah, built the , setting up the doors, locks, and bars of it in the wall of Jerusalem (Neh.3.13).Son of Zalaph. He helped repair the wall of Jerusalem (Neh.3.30).
HANUN hā’ nən (חָנ֥וּן, favored). 1. A son and successor of Nahash, king of the Ammonites. Upon the death of Nahash, David sent a message of condolence to Hanun, which, however, was misinterpreted, and the messengers were grossly insulted and dishonored. The result was a war that David waged against Hanun, and the Ammonites lost their independence (2 Sam 10:1-14; 1 Chron 19:1-19). David appointed the brother of Hanun, Shobi, in his place (2 Sam 17:27).
2. The name occurs twice in the list of those who assisted in repairing the Neh 3:13, 30). The name may refer to the same person or, to two different men.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(chanun, "favored," "pitied"):
(1) A son and successor of Nahash, king of Ammon. Upon the death of Nahash, David sent sympathetic communications to Hanun, which were misinterpreted and the messengers dishonored. Because of this indignity, David waged a war against him, which caused the Ammonites to lose their independence (2Sa 10:1 ff; 1Ch 19:1 ).
(2) One of the six sons of Zalaph who assisted in repairing the East wall of Jerusalem (Ne 3:30).
(3) One of the inhabitants of Zanoah who repaired the Ne 3:13).
Byron H. Dement