HAMMER. The OT uses two chief words here: patt̂ish, a tool for smoothing metals and for breaking rocks (
HAMMER. Ancient Near Eastern craftsmen had available for use a wide variety of specialized hammers suited for different purposes. Hammer marks on building stones and other evidences indicate that the type of hammers available in the ancient world corresponded roughly to the types still used in the Near E today.
The פַּטִּישׁ, H7079, is once used for the large sledge hammer used to crack boulders (
W. Carslaw, “Hammer,” HDB (1900); W. Corswant, “Hammer,” A Dictionary of Life in Bible Times (1960).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
James A. Patch