HADAD (hā'dăd, sharpness, fierceness)
A grandson of Abraham through Ishmael (
HADAD hā’ dăd (חֲדַ֣ד, prob. thunderer). 1. An ancient Sem. god worshiped in Palestine, Syria, and Mesopotamia from about the time of Abraham on. He is frequently mentioned in the texts as the proper name of the Sanaanite Baal, a storm-god who manifests himself in thunder, lightning, and rain. Since storms are often destructive, he is asked in prayers and hymns to restrain his destructive propensities; but since storms are also bringers of beneficial rains, he is looked upon as a principle of life and fertility. He is the Baal of the fertility cults of Ugarit and Canaan. The thunder is his voice. He is the dying and rising god, like Tammuz of Mesopotamia. He is also a warrior god and is represented as a warrior standing on a bull, carrying a mace and a thunderbolt, with the horns of a bull on his helmet. He was worshiped as a warrior god particularly by the Assyrians.
The name Hadad and its variant Hadar are prob. abbreviations of names compounded with this divine element (see Hadadezer, Benhadad, Hadadrimmon). The monolith of Shalmaneser calls him “the god of Aleppo.” He is not mentioned in the OT.
2. A grandson of Abraham, and the eighth of the twelve sons of Ishmael (
3. A king of Edom who was the son of Bedad (
4. Another king of Edom. His capital was Pau. His wife’s name was Mehetabel (
5. An Edomite prince who, after Joab defeated the Edomites and occupied their country, was taken to Egypt as a young boy. There the Pharaoh welcomed him and later gave him a sister-in-law to wife. His son was brought up in the court of Egypt. After the death of David he returned to Edom and attempted to stir up the Edomites against the rule of Solomon, apparently with some success (
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(1) (chadhadh, "sharpness"): One of the twelve sons of Ishmael (
(2) (hadhadh): A king of Edom, son of Bedad (
(3) Another king of Edom, written "Hadar" in
(4) A member of the royal family of Edom in David’s time, who as a child escaped Joab’s slaughter of the Edomites, and fled to Egypt. On David’s death he returned to Edom, where he made trouble for Solomon by stirring up the Edomites against the rule of Israel (
(5) The supreme god of Syria, whose name is found in Scripture in the names of Syrian kings, Benhadad, Hadadezer. The god Hadad (= perhaps, "maker of loud noise") is mentioned in Assyrian inscriptions, and called on the monolith of Shalmaneser "the god of Aleppo." In the Assyrian inscriptions he is identified with the air-god Rammon or Rimmon. The union of the two names in