George Simpson Duncan

1884-1965. Scottish biblical scholar, one of the translators of the NT in the New English Bible. Duncan is associated with the theory that all Paul's “imprisonment” epistles were written from Ephesus (cf. his St. Paul's Ephesian Ministry, 1929) and with the view that Galatians is the earliest of Paul's extant letters (cf. his Commentary on Galatians, 1934). After acting as chaplain to Earl Haig (1915-19), he spent his teaching life at the University of St. Andrews where he was professor of biblical criticism (1919-54), principal of St. Mary's College (1940-54), and vice-chancellor (1952-53). In 1920 he was one of the founders of the St. Andrews Summer School of Theology which still provides refresher courses for clergy. In 1949 he was moderator of the general assembly of the Church of Scotland.