Gath Rimmon

GATH RIMMON (Heb. gath rimmôn, winepress of Rimmon or pomegranates)

A city of Dan on the Philistine plain, given to the Levites (Josh.19.45; Josh.21.24; 1Chr.6.69).A town of Manasseh, west of the Jordan, assigned to the Levites (Josh.21.25). In 1Chr.6.70 this is called Bileam, which is probably the true reading in Josh.21.25, an error due to a copyist’s eye catching “Gath Rimmon” in the previous verse.

GATH-RIMMON găth rĭm’ ən (גַּת־רִמֹּֽון, winepress of Rimmon). 1. A city of the tribe of Dan (Josh 19:45). It was one of four cities of the tribe of Dan allotted to the Kohathites of the family of the Levites (21:24), and designated a city of refuge (1 Chron 6:69). Its probable location is at Tell ej-Jerisheh, four and one-half m. NE of Joppa.

2. A city of the one-half tribe of Manasseh, W of the Jordan, possibly to be identified with Rummaneh, NW of Taanach (Josh 21:25). Many scholars believe that the name came in as the result of a scribal error in recording Joshua 21:25. Verse 24 contains the name of the Danite Gath-Rimmon. If this is true, then the second Gath-Rimmon should in reality be the “Bileam” of 1 Chronicles 6:70. This conclusion is strengthened by the fact that the LXX B in Joshua 21:25 has ̓́Ιβαθα (Bileam). but omits Gath-Rimmon. Bileam is located about fifteen m. SE of Megiddo.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

(1) A city in the territory of Da named with Bene-berak and Me-jarkon, in the plain not far from Joppa (Jos 19:45), assigned to the Kohathite Levites (Jos 21:24), reckoned to Ephraim in 1Ch 6:69. Eusebius, Onomasticon locates it 12 miles from Eleutheropolis on the way to Diospolis. This, however, is too far to the South. More probably it is identical with the "Gath" which Eusebius, Onomasticon places between Antipatris and Jamnia. It is not identified.

(2) A town in the territory of Manasseh, West of Jordan, given to the Levites (Jos 21:25). There is nothing to indicate the position of the place, and there is much confusion in the writing of the name: Septuagint Codex Alexandrinus, "Baithsa"; Codex Vaticanus, "Jebatha." In 1Ch 6:70 it is replaced by "Bileam," i.e. IBLEAM (which see).