GALBANUM (חֶלְבְּנָה, H2697; χαλβάνη). This is the Syrian gum of
Galbanum, when collected, is in both irregular and symmetrical drops. It may be yellowy-green or lightish brown, and has a musky, pungent smell. The particular value of Galbanum is the fact that it “holds” the scent of a mixed perfume, and allows of its “distribution” over a long period. It is also mentioned in the Apoc. (
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
A gum-resin which occurs in small, round, semitranslucent tears or in brownish yellow masses; has a pleasant aromatic odor and a bitter taste; and is today, at any rate, imported from Persia.
It is derived from certain umbelliferous plants, Ferula galbaniflua and F. rubricaulis. It is mentioned in