FIRSTFRUITS (Heb. rē’shîth, bikkûrîm, Gr. aparchē). In acknowledgment of the fact that all the products of the land came from God, and to show thankfulness for his goodness, Israelites brought as an offering a portion of the fruits that ripened first. These were looked on as a pledge of the coming harvest. Such an offering was made both on behalf of the nation (
Jesus is the firstfruits of all who die in faith; that is, the resurrection of believers is made possible and is guaranateed by his resurrection (
FIRST FRUITS ( רֵאשִׁית, H8040, LXX ἀπαρχή, G569. An adjective meaning “first” which modifies the particular product concerned.  בְּכֹר, H1147, LXX πρωτογένημα. From a root “to bear early, new fruit”).
First fruits of twenty barley loaves and of fresh ears of grain supplied Elisha with resources to feed a hundred men (
Though the NT has no provision for the paying of first fruits, the community from which the Didachē arose paid first fruits of the winepress, threshing floor, oxen, sheep, bread, newly opened jars of wine and oil, of money, of clothes, and of all possessions to the prophets as being the high priests, and in the absence of prophets, gave them to the poor (Didachē 13:3).
G. F. Moore, Judaism (1927), II, 71; G. Delling, “aparche” in Kittel, TWNT (1933), I, 483, 484; J. Pedersen, Israel (1940), III, 300ff.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(re’shith, bikkurim; aparche. Septuagint translates re’shith by aparche, but for bikkurim it uses the word protogennemata; compare Philo 22 33):
The beautiful ceremony of the offering of the re’shith in the