EVIL-MERODACH (ē'vil-mĕ-rō'dăk). A king of Babylon who reigned two years (561-560 b.c.). His name (Amelu-Marduk is the Babylonian form) means “Man of Marduk.” This is a theophorous name, Marduk being the chief god of Babylon (cf. Ish-Bosheth, Ish-Baal). The son and successor of Nebuchadnezzar, Evil-Merodach was murdered by his brother-in-law, Neriglissar (the Nergal-Sharezer of Jer.39.3), a prince who usurped the throne. References to him as lawless and indecent indicate the probable reasons for the coup that cut short his reign.