Eutyches

c.378-454. Early Monophysite.* After the third Ecumenical Council at Ephesus in 430, Cyril* of Alexandria, worked out a compromise between the theologians advocating two natures of Christ and those holding to one nature. On Cyril's death in 444, however, open opposition broke out against the compromise, with Cyril's successor leading the opposition along with Eutyches, who was an archimandrite of a monastery in Constantinople. Eutyches had come out of retirement to contest the error of Nestorianism toward which he felt the compromise leaned, but went to such an extreme in stressing the single nature of Christ that the supporters of orthodoxy in Constantinople became uneasy. The obstinacy of Eutyches in refusing to recognize the two natures of Christ brought the condemnation of Patriarch Flavian, who declared Eutyches's views unorthodox. Eutyches would not accept this condemnation and maneuvered the bringing about of the scandalous Robber Synod of Ephesus* (449) to support his views.