EUODIA (yū-ō'dĭ-a, Gr. Euōdia, prosperous journey or fragrance). A Christian woman at Philippi, also called Euodias. She is mentioned in
EUODIA ū ō’ dī ə (Εὐοδία, G2337, prosperous journey, success; KJV EUODIAS, ū ō’ dī es, takes it as a masc. name, but the fem. pronoun “them” [αὐται̂ς] in
Clearly both were influential women in the Philippian church, where women were prominent from the beginning (
Paul’s impartial appeal for reconciliation implies that both were responsible for the estrangement. He realized that outside help was needed and asked his “true yokefellow” (σὐζυγος) to assist them. Paul commended the two women as having “labored side by side in the gospel.” See Yokefellow.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
1. Women Prominent in Church at Philippi:
2. The Difference Which Arose:
But whatever the subject in dispute was, it had become so serious that, instead of the breach being healed, matters had become chronic; and news regarding this lack of forbearance between Euodia and Syntyche had been carried to Paul in his captivity in Rome.
3. Paul Entreats Them:
The state of Christian life in the church at Philippi gave Paul almost unmingled satisfaction. He regarded with joy their faith and steadfastness and liberality. There was no false teaching, no division; among them. The only thing which could cause him any uneasiness was the want of harmony between Euodia and Syntyche. He beseeches them to give up their differences, and to live at peace in the Lord. Such is the motive which he puts before them with a view to bring about their reconciliation; to live in dispute and enmity is not worthy of those who are "in the Lord," who have been redeemed by the Lord, and whose whole life should be an endeavor to please Him.
4. The True Yokefellow:
Paul proceeds to ask a certain person, unnamed, but whom he terms "true yokefellow" to assist them, that is, to assist Euodia and Syntyche; for each of them, he says, "labored with me in the gospel." It is uncertain what is meant by "true yokefellow." He may refer to Epaphroditus, who carried the epistle from Rome to Philippi. Other names have been suggested-- Luke, Silas, Timothy. It has been thought by some that Paul here refers to his own wife, or to Lydia. But such a suggestion is untenable, inasmuch as we know from his own words (
5. The Plea for Reconciliation:
How very sad then that any difference should exist between them; how sad that it should last so long! He asks Clement also, and all the other Christians at Philippi, his fellow-laborers, whose names, though not mentioned by the apostle, are nevertheless in the book of life, to assist Euodia and Syntyche; he asks them all to aid in this work of reconciliation. Doubtless he did not plead in vain.